Genetic Endowment of Coordination Motor Abilities a Review of Family and Twin Research

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Vladimir Lyakh, Janusz Jaworski, Tomasz Wieczorek

This paper is a review of family and twin research related to genetic and environmental endowment of coordination motor abilities. Basic methodological assumptions were presented for such research, as well as the conditions that must be met in order to make the research reliable. The results indicate that only space orientation is strongly controlled genetically, while significant genetic endowment is observed in case of eyehand coordination and speed of movement. For all other coordination abilities considered the genetic indexes were varied. It was concluded that further research is required in this field, conducted on families and twins with the application of new methods and innovative methodological considerations.
Key words
genetic endowment, family similarities, heredity, coordination, motor abilities, twins

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