A Practical Approach for Ischemic Preconditioning Intervention in Sports: A Pilot Study for Cuff Thigh Occlusion Pressure Estimation Based on Systolic Blood Pressure
(Géssyca T. de Oliveira, Hiago L. R. Souza, Eduardo O. Prazeres, Bernardo P. Bernardes, Stephen D. Patterson, Rhaí André Arriel, Gustavo Bittencourt Camilo, Rodrigo Hohl, Anderson Meireles, Moacir Marocolo)

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Authors
Géssyca T. de Oliveira, Hiago L. R. Souza, Eduardo O. Prazeres, Bernardo P. Bernardes, Stephen D. Patterson, Rhaí André Arriel, Gustavo Bittencourt Camilo, Rodrigo Hohl, Anderson Meireles, Moacir Marocolo
Abstract

For the ischemic preconditioning (IPC) intervention, the accuracy of the protocol is paramount for mediating its possible ergogenic effects. However, the lack of standardization and widespread use of arbitrary cuff pressures (ranging from 130 to >300 mmHg) have been predominantly observed, potentially affecting the results and compromising the reproducibility of findings. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine an appropriate cuff pressure during IPC. Seventeen healthy male participants were enrolled in the study. Anthropometric measurements were initially conducted, followed by systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements. Subsequently, we determined the individual thigh occlusion pressure (TOP) for the right leg using a hand-held Doppler device. Based on these findings, we developed an estimation equation for TOP, considering the current brachial systolic blood pressure (SBP) values. We then conducted a retrospective analysis of its capacity to mediate occlusion. We observed the ability to estimate TOP using the equation (p = 0.01; ES: 0.86), presenting ~6% superiority in absolute values for occlusion compared to direct measurement (TOP equation: 169.9 ± 9.1; TOP direct measured: 161.2 ± 11.1). However, TOP estimation was insufficient to produce complete occlusion in two out of 17 subjects (11.8%). In conclusion, the estimation of TOP incorporating SBP values may offer a valid and practical means for cuff administration during IPC protocols with potential to minimize adverse effects and maximize its positive effects.
DOI
DOI: 10.5114/jhk/186064
Citation
 APA 
de Oliveira, G. T., Souza, H. L., dos Prazeres, E. O., Bernardes, B. P., Patterson, S. D., Arriel, R. A. … Marocolo, M. (2024). A Practical Approach for Ischemic Preconditioning Intervention in Sports: A Pilot Study for Cuff Thigh Occlusion Pressure Estimation Based on Systolic Blood Pressure. Journal of Human Kinetics, 91, 157-164. https://doi.org/10.5114/jhk/186064
Key words
ischemia, reperfusion, arterial pressure, tourniquet,

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