Relationship between Asymmetry Profiles and JumpPerformance in Youth Female Handball Players
(Maria Cadens, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Xavier Peirau-Terés, Chris Bishop, Daniel Romero-Rodríguez, Marc Madruga-Parera)

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Maria Cadens, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Xavier Peirau-Terés, Chris Bishop, Daniel Romero-Rodríguez, Marc Madruga-Parera

The relationships between asymmetries and performance or the identification of the asymmetry profile that has been routinely studied during jumping tests are largely derived from male-only and small sample size studies. Therefore, the aims of this study were: 1) to evaluate the magnitude and the direction of jump asymmetries (vertical and lateral) in three different age groups of adolescent female handball players, and 2) to identify the effect of asymmetry between limbs on jump performance in the three age groups. One hundred and eighty-five adolescent female handball players (age: 14.88 ± 1.49 years) were distributed in three groups: U14, U16 and U18 and performed two tests to assess jumping ability which were the single leg countermovement jump (SL-CMJ) and the single leg hop lateral (SL-HL). The magnitude of asymmetry in the SL-CMJ test (10.80%) was higher compared to that of the SL-LH test (6.47%), and there were no significant differences between particular categories. The direction of asymmetry represented by the Kappa values showed “poor” and “fair” levels of agreement in U14 and U16 categories, which means that asymmetries rarely favored the same side during each jumping test, but in contrast, in the U18 category the Kappa value result was “slight”. There were significant correlations between SL-CMJ jumping asymmetries and jumping performance in the U18 category (r = 0.31 to 0.49). These data indicate that in order to identify the player’s asymmetry profile, we need to consider the magnitude and the direction of different tests which will help better understand the natural deficits, contextualize them and consider appropriate training interventions for the reduction of inter-limb asymmetries.
DOI: 10.5114/jhk/163432
Key words
unilateral, imbalances, youth, girl, team sport game,

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