The Impact of Acute Mild Normobaric Hypoxia and a SingleBout of Exercise to Volitional Exhaustion on CognitivePerformance in Endurance and Strength-Trained Athletes:The role of BDNF, EP-1, Catecholamines and Lactate
(Zofia Piotrowicz, Miłosz Czuba, Małgorzata Chalimoniuk, Józef Langfort)

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Zofia Piotrowicz, Miłosz Czuba, Małgorzata Chalimoniuk, Józef Langfort

The aim of the study was to examine whether a single bout of exercise to volitional exhaustion, performed under moderate normobaric hypoxia (H), would affect psychomotor performance (PP) in differently trained athletes. For this purpose, ten strength-trained (S) athletes, ten endurance-trained (E) athletes and ten healthy men leading a sedentary lifestyle as a control (C) group performed voluntarily two graded exercise tests until volitional exhaustion (EVE) under normoxia (N) and H (FiO2 = 14.7%). We measured the peripheral level of the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), choice reaction time (CRT) and the number of correct reactions (NCR) as indices of PP. Psychomotor tests were performed at rest, immediately after the EVE and 3 minutes after the EVE. Venous blood samples were collected at rest, immediately after cessation of each EVE, and 1 h after each EVE. The results showed that the EVE significantly (p < 0.05) impaired CRT under N and H, and NCR under H only in the E group. The higher WRmax in the E compared to the S and C groups was associated with a significant (p < 0.005) increase in adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA). There were no significant differences between conditions (N vs. H) in the BDNF at rest and after exercise. The EVE impaired cognitive function only in the E group; higher involvement of the sympathetic nervous system, A and NA may also play a role in this phenomenon. Therefore, it can be concluded that exposure to H did not have a negative impact on CRT or NCR. Moreover, BDNF did not improve cognitive function.
DOI: 10.5114/jhk/168282
Key words
psychomotor performance, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, exhaustion, athletes,

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