Muscle Thickness During Core Stability Exercises in Children and Adults

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Eleftherios Kellis, Athanasios Ellinoudis, Konstantina Intziegianni, Nikolaos Kofotolis

Core stability exercises are regular part of exercise programs for asymptomatic individuals across ages. The purpose of this study was to examine deep abdominal and multifidus muscle thickness in children and adults and to determine reliability of the rehabilitative ultrasound (RUSI) imaging. Transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus thickness at rest and during core stability exercise were examined in pre-pubertal children (N = 23), adolescents (N = 20), young adults (N = 21) and middle-aged adults (N = 22). Thirty-nine participants were re-tested one week after to establish reliability. Muscle thickness at rest was lower in children and adolescents compared with young and middleaged adults (p < 0.008). Young adults displayed the highest relative transversus abdominis thickness upon contraction (p < 0.008). Lumbar multfidus contraction thickness was greater in young-adults than middle-aged adults and prepubertal children (p < 0.008), but it was similar between young-adults and adolescents (p > 0.008). Reliability was high for both muscles (ICC3,3 = 0.76 – 0.99). The age-related differences in muscle thickness indicate that core stability exercises may be beneficial for children and middle-aged adults
DOI: 10.2478/hukin-2019-0079
Key words
childhood, musculoskeletal ultrasound, repeatability, core exercise, core stability

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