Analysis of Match Dynamics of Different Soccer Competition Levels Based on The Player Dyads

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Fabio Giuliano Caetano, Vitor Panula da Silva, Ricardo da Silva Torres, Ricardo de Oliveira Anido, Sergio Augusto Cunha, Felipe Arruda Moura

The purpose of this study was to analyse the dynamics of play based on dyads during soccer matches, according to the competition level, period of the matches, and playing positions. We recorded eight Brazilian soccer matches (four of the national and four of the regional level), using up to six digital cameras (30 Hz). The position information of the 204 players in the eight matches was obtained using an automatic tracking system. The Euclidean distance between the nearest opponents was calculated over time to define the dyads. The interaction between the components of dyads was assessed by the distances between players and was compared among the different positions (defender, full-back, defensive midfielder, midfielder, and forward), match periods (15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 min), and competition levels. Results showed smaller distances for the national level dyads, compared to the regional matches. Greater distances between the players were found in the last 15 minutes of the matches, compared to the other periods. The full-backs were more distant from opposing players compared to players from other playing positions. Thus, coaches should consider the characteristics of each playing position and the greater proximity between opponents’ players in top-level competition for the development of tactical proficiency of the players.
DOI: 10.2478/hukin-2019-0030
Key words
automatic tracking, dynamical system, interpersonal interaction, sport performance, tactics,

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